This time, we will talk about the simple question asked by parents who are considering enrolling their child in a nursery school: ``The difference between a kindergarten and a nursery school.''
What is a certified children's school? How much will the cost change? When entering elementary school, is there a difference in academic ability between nursery school and kindergarten? We have summarized the points of difference.
Basic difference between nursery school and kindergartenFirst, the basics.
The biggest difference between a nursery school and a kindergarten is whether the parent is unable to provide childcare due to work, illness, or other reasons.
Simply put, a nursery school is a place where children are cared for on behalf of their parents , and a kindergarten is a place for the purpose of education .
Let's take a closer look.
What is a nursery school?Under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, this is a place where infants and young children are cared for in place of parents who are unable to provide childcare.
- Target age: 0 years old to before entering elementary school
- Childcare hours: 7:30 to 19:00
- School lunch: Yes
- Teacher qualification: Nursery teacher qualification certificate
The legal basis for daycare centers is the Child Welfare Act, and the purpose of daycare centers is to ``take care of infants and young children who lack childcare at the request of parents.''
What is kindergarten?Under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, this is a place that mainly educates preschool children.
- Age: 3 years old - before entering elementary school
- Childcare hours: 9am to 2pm
- Lunch: Some schools have it and some don't.
- Teacher Qualifications: Kindergarten Teacher's License Anyone who reaches a certain age is eligible to enter kindergarten, and according to the School Education Act, the purpose of the kindergarten is to "promote the physical and mental development of young children."
What is a certified children's school?In contrast to nursery schools and kindergartens, ``certified children's schools'' are becoming more popular these days.
A certified nursery school is a facility that provides early childhood education and childcare in an integrated manner. It has the best of both a kindergarten and a nursery school, and certification standards are set by prefectural ordinances.
In contrast to nursery schools under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare and kindergartens under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, certified kindergartens are under the jurisdiction of the Cabinet Office. In other words, since the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology are both involved, it can be considered to have the functions of both.
It is positioned somewhere between a nursery school and a kindergarten.
What is the difference in cost between nursery school and kindergarten?Let's take a look at the differences in cost.
nursery school costsThe cost of daycare centers varies widely depending on household income, but the average daycare fee nationwide is around 30,000 yen per month.
- Childcare fees are determined according to household income (municipal tax payment amount)
- The younger the child, the more expensive the childcare fee will be.
- It becomes cheaper after the second person.
- Extra charge for after-hours childcare
- Childcare fees are the same for everyone regardless of household income
- Entrance fees and costs for designated goods are required.
- Optional fees such as shuttle bus fees and lessons will also be charged separately.
Childcare fees vary greatly between public and private schools, and even within private schools, but according to data (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology), the national average is 12,000 yen per month for public kindergartens and 30,000 yen per month for private kindergartens. There is a difference in cost in yen.
What is the difference between nursery school and kindergarten academic ability? Looking at the basics, a nursery school is a place where children are taken care of, and a kindergarten is a place where they are educated, so wouldn't a kindergarten be more advantageous when they go on to elementary school? However, in reality, there are major differences between nursery schools and kindergartens depending on the school's educational policy and curriculum.
For example, many daycare centers today focus on education, such as learning classes, swimming, gymnastics, and English conversation.
On the other hand, some kindergartens place emphasis on playing freely, so it is thought that there is not much of a difference in academic ability.
Advantages and disadvantages of nursery schoolsLet's take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of daycare centers.
Advantages of nursery school
- Can be kept for a long time
- There is less burden on parents to participate in events and parent-teacher meetings.
- You will receive thorough instructions on toilet training.
- A nutritionally balanced school lunch is served every day.
- Less cost burden
Disadvantages of nursery school
- Long childcare hours mean less time to spend with family
- There is less interaction with mom friends compared to kindergarten.
Advantages and disadvantages of kindergartenNext, the advantages and disadvantages of kindergarten.
Advantages of kindergarten
- You can take lessons after school.
- You can expect education that includes discipline.
- I can have lots of interaction with mom friends and friends.
Disadvantages of kindergarten
- There are many opportunities for parents to actively participate, such as parent-teacher conferences and events.
- There is a possibility of getting into trouble because there are many people involved.
- There will be costs in addition to childcare fees.